The Robert Rauschenberg Foundation operates from the previous studios and homes of Rauschenberg in New York City and Captiva, Florida.

Rauschenberg maintained studio and living space in both New York and Captiva, though the latter became his primary place of residence and work in 1970. The Robert Rauschenberg Foundation art research, archival, and administrative headquarters exist today in what was the artist's New York satellite base while Captiva houses most of its residency programs.